Wrexham / Wrecsam
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Theosophy and Wrexham / Wrecsam
The Mabel Collins Connection
An early member of the Theosophical
Movement was Mabel Collins who was also a founder member of The British Union of Anti Vivisectionists (BUAV). Anti-Vivisection
was a key issue in the early days of the Theosophy in Wales with
support for the BUAV being discussed at Cardiff
Theosophical Society meetings in 1911 and 1912
One of the more successful campaigns
run by the BUAV was that of taking over shops on a short lease and stocking it
with leaflets, pamphlets and posters to elicit support from passers by. This
idea of Mabel's was highly successful and she travelled around the country
overseeing similar schemes in many major cities.
She ran the first of these shops in
Wrexham in 1909 and later opened similar shops in Bangor (North Wales)
and Bournemouth (England).
Mabel Collins became an extremely
well known anti vivisectionist and was interviewed in the press on a number of
Wrexham / Wrecsam
is a large former industrial town, conurbation and principal area of Wales
lying in north-eastern part of the country. It is situated between the first
mountains of Wales and the lower Dee valley, close to the English border with
Cheshire about 15 miles south of Chester (England). It is the main commercial,
retail, educational and cultural centre in North Wales, and often termed 'The
capital of North Wales'. In the 2001 census Wrexham had a population of 42,576,
whereas the Wrexham urban area had a population of 63,084. It forms the centre
of the wider Wrexham County Borough, which covers 50,500 hectares and has a
population of over 130,000. These figures make Wrexham by far the largest urban
area in Wales away from the south coast.
Approx 1600 BC
Prehistoric human activity in the area. This was revealed by the
discovery of skeletal remains, known as ‘Brymbo Man’, in a Bronze Age burial at
Brymbo in 1958.
48 AD - 450 AD
Roman activity in Wrexham. Holt and Plas Coch were large farm
settlements. The earliest mention of the town name, Wrexham appears in ‘The
Pipe Roles’, as ‘the castle Wristleham’.
The first reference to Wrexham
1282, 1284, 1295
Edward I visits as part of his conquest of Wales.
Chirk Castle, home to Marcher lordships, is built.
The first reference to the establishment of a market and fair in
Charter to the burgesses of Holt. This is later confirmed by Elizabeth I
conferring town status.
The Steeple of St Giles Parish Church was completed. It is now one of
the seven wonders of Wales.
Richard Gwyn, the Welsh
Master and the first Welsh Martyr to the Papal Cause is persecuted and
Charles I visits Royalist Wrexham.
Wrexham suffers when one quarter of the town is destroyed by fire during
the Civil War.
The Royalists are defeated at Rowton Moor, near Chester and the Roundheads take over Wrexham.
The Father of non-conformism in North Wales,
Morgan Llwyd is installed as the vicar of Wrexham. 1648 The infamous George
‘Hanging Judge’ Jeffreys is born in Wrexham. Judge Jeffreys became famous for
his tough penalties during the Monmouth rebellion in the reign of Charles II.
Tanneries founded at Wrexham. The Cambrian Leather Works would later
supply the leather for the binding of the 11th edition of the Encyclopaedia
Britannica, which needed nearly a million skins!
The benefactor of Yale
Elihu Yale, dies and is buried in Wrexham
The Industrial Revolution begins in Wrexham. John ‘Iron Mad’ Wilkinson
brought his father’s Bersham Iron Foundry into prominence, followed by smelting
works at Brymbo in 1793.
The famous Thomas Telford Aqueduct is opened.
The Hymn ‘From Greenland’s Icy Mountains’
was sung for the first time in Wrexham
A National Eisteddfod is held in Wrexham. This is to be the first of
The first Wrexham
Hospital, the Dispensary,
Wrexham is constituted a Municipal Borough by Charter granted by Queen Victoria.
St Mary’s Catholic Cathedral is built.
Town granted commission of the peace.
A large network of railways is completed.
Wrexham Association Football Club is founded.
The Football Association of Wales is formed in the Wynnstay
The Official Headquarters of the Royal Welsh Fusiliers is established.
First lager brewery in Britain
is built at Wrexham by a German immigrant – Ferdinand Graesser.
visits Wrexham for her Diamond Jubilee.
First public swimming baths opens.
The first purpose - built cinema in North Wales
opens in Wrexham.
Gresford Colliery explodes on September 22nd. 265 people lose their
National Eisteddfod held in Rhos, it was interrupted to announce the end
of World War II.
Freedom of the Borough is given to the Royal Welch Fusiliers.
Queen Elizabeth II visits Wrexham as part of her Coronation. Coronation
Walk is named in honour of this.
The Town Twinning partnership with Kreis Iserlohm, Markisher Kreis, Germany,
Richard Gwyn, the Wrexham
Master and the first Welsh Martyr to the Papal Cause is declared a Saint.
North East Wales Institute (NEWI) is founded including Denbighshire Technical
College and Cartrefle.
Wrexham Football Club win the Welsh Cup for the twentieth time.
Queen Elizabeth II visits as part of her Silver Jubilee.
The Duchess of Kent
opens the first phase of the Maelor
Princess Diana opened the restored Visitor Centre of Kings Mills.
Queen Elizabeth II visits Overton for the 700th anniversary of the
The Duchess of Gloucester
opens Nightingale House Hospice.
The Duke of Kent
opens second phase of the Wrexham
Queen Elizabeth II accompanied by the Duke of Edinburgh opens Waterworld Leisure Complex.
Two new multi - million pound shopping complexes open, Henblas Square and Island Green.
The Prince of Wales visits Wrexham to launch the Rural Community Helpline
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